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 Vehicle Tracking System
Involves installation of an electronic device in a vehicle, or fleet of vehicles to enable tracking the vehicle's location and collecting data in the process. We use GPS technology for locating the vehicle, but other types of automatic vehicle location technology can also be used. Vehicle information can be viewed on electronic maps via the Internet or specialized software. Mass public transit authorities are common user of vehicle tracking systems, particularly in large cities for schedule adherence by buses, triggering changes of buses' destination sign displays at the end of the line (or other set location along a bus route), and triggering pre-recorded announcements for passengers.

Vehicle  tracking  systems are also  used  for fleet  management  functions such as routing, dispatch, on-
board information and security. Most transit authorities use GPS-based vehicle tracking system for automated stop announcements- external announcements triggered by the opening of the bus's door at a bus stop, announcing the vehicle's route number and destination for the benefit of customers or passengers on board, identifying the next stop, as the bus approaches a stop, to provide customers with real-time information as to the waiting time until arrival of the next bus or tram/streetcar at a given stop, monitoring driving behavior.

Vehicle tracking systems is used as a theft prevention and retrieval device through the signal emitted by the tracking system and locate the stolen vehicle; vehicle tracking device can also be used to reduce the insurance cost, because the loss-risk of the vehicle drops significantly. Vehicle tracking systems have also been used in food delivery and car rental companies.
 Automatic Number Plate Recognition (ANPR)
A method that uses optical character recognition to read the license plates of vehicles through closed-circuit television or enforcement cameras. They can be used by transport authorities, Police, Local Governments for Vehicle Identification, as a method of electronic toll collection on pay-per-use roads, monitoring traffic violations at an intersection, congestion taxing and Traffic control.ANPR is used to store the images captured by the cameras as well as the text from the license plate. System uses infrared lighting to allow the camera to take the picture at any time of the day. ANPR technology can be customized to suit region-specific license plate variation from place to place.
 Intelligent Transportation Technologies
Intelligent transportation systems such as car navigation; traffic signal control systems; container management systems; variable message signs; advanced applications for parking guidance and information systems; weather information; bridge deicing systems; predictive techniques to allow advanced modeling and comparison with historical baseline data.
 Electronic Toll Collection: Cordon Zones with Congestion Pricing
Congestion charge or fee from vehicles entering a congested areas of a city using electronic toll collection based on short range communication devices or Radio Frequency identification Tags or automatic number plate recognition with a view to reduce traffic congestion within the cordon area, stopping the users at toll booths would cause long queues, long delays, and even gridlock.
 Automatic Road Enforcement
A traffic enforcement camera system, consisting of a camera and a vehicle-monitoring device, is to detect and identify vehicles disobeying a speed limit or other road requirement and automatically ticket offenders based on the license plate number.

Applications include:

  Speed cameras to identify vehicles traveling over the legal speed limit.
  Red light cameras to detect vehicles that cross stop line or red traffic light.
  Bus lane cameras that identify vehicles traveling in lanes reserved for buses
  Level crossing cameras that identify vehicles crossing railways at grade illegally.
  Double white line cameras that identify vehicles crossing these lines.
 Variable Speed Limits
Technology for Variable speed limits system which change with road congestion and other factors.
 Dynamic Traffic Light Sequence
Developing Radio Frequency Identification Device based traffic control using the dynamic sequence algorithm for traffic management, it emulate the judgment of a traffic policeman on duty, by considering the number of vehicles in each column and the routing proprieties.
 Automated Fare Collection System
Inter-operable automated ticketing systems for buses, trains and other high occupancy modes using contactless smart card
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